For protection against the outside plant environment and damage, splices require placement in a protective case. They are generally placed in a splice tray which is then placed inside a splice closure for OSP installations or a patch panel box for premises applications. Indoors, splice trays are often integrated into patch panels to provide for connections to the fibers. There are probably thousands of different types and options on splice closures. Some are designed for concatenation of long distance cables where two identical cables are spliced together. Some closures are designed for connecting several smaller cables to a larger one for breaking out the larger cable to several destinations.
Fiber optic patch panels are commonly use fiber optic management unit. When you install and manage the fiber optic links, you may encounter hundreds or even thousands of fiber optic cables and cable connections. There are two types of fiber-optic panels: wall-mounted and rack-mounted. Wall mount fiber optic patch panel use the inside fiber optic adapters and patch cables, fiber optic pigtails to realize the function of optical fiber distribution. They are also used for protective connections for the fiber cables and pigtails. Wall mount fiber patch panels are mainly used in fiber optic cabling and user terminal applications. Rack mount fiber optic patch panels are used to terminate and distribute optical fiber cables, they are convenient equipment to organize and connect the fiber optic links. Not all fiber network cables use the same type of cables or connectors, so fiber optic panels usually have several adapter types to accommodate for this. If the fiber optic panel doesn’t provide the type of adapter, one will have to be added between the adapter on the panel and the cable with the different adapter type. This can be done using either a conversion cable or a hybrid adapter. A conversion cable is simply a cable with the two different types of adapters on either end, and the hybrid adapter is one piece that connects directly to the panel. Fiber optic panels usually have several adapter types built in, and higher-end panels often have the majority of the hybrid adapters already installed.
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Corning modular and multifuctional patch panels & Housings family was designed for various applications in 19-in racks and main distribution frames. The sliding and tilting housings can be equipped with industry common adapter types in different fibre categories and are suitable for direct field termination, fusion splicing with pigtails as well as preterminated solutions. Wall-mountable housing product family offers enhanced innovative features that make installation and troubleshooting of fibre optic connectivity faster, easier and more cost-effective. From fibre and cable routing and strain-relief to port labeling and termination, these housings reduce the risk of error that can disrupt networks.